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Animal Husbandry

Genetic modification of cattle Genetic modification of cattle This work has been done by in Argentina, which successfully cloned a cow in 2002. The cloned cows are intended to be used to produce human growth hormone (hGH) in their milk. Techniques such as artificial insemination and embryo transfer are frequently used today for yielding quality products. In this chapter, the different branches of animal husbandry studied in detail.

Learning Objectives

After completing the topic, the student will be able to:

  • Define the term "animal husbandry" and appreciate the commercial importance of it.
  • List some of the animal–based farming practices.
  • Define and discuss the term "cattle farming" and illustrate the procedure for breed improvement.
  • List the different methods of breeding animals.
  • Define the term "Poultry farming" and examine the steps involved for the production of improved varieties of poultry.
  • Define and discuss the term "Fisheries" and list different methods involved in fish production.
  • Explore the commercial applications of apiculture.
Domestication of animals is called animal husbandry. Domestication of animals is called animal husbandry. Domestic animals or livestock such as animals cattle (cow, bull or ox), buffalo, yak, horse, ass, goat, sheep, camel, etc. are being reared.
Animal Husbandry

Animal husbandry is the agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock. The branch of agriculture that deals with the feeding, caring and breeding of domestic animals is called animal husbandry. Animal husbandry refers to raising or keeping of livestock (domestic animals) for farm purposes, use or profit by selling the same.

Husbanding means to use a resource carefully and without waste. Thus, animal farming or animal husbandry requires planning for domestic animal′s shelter, breeding, health, disease control and proper economic utilization. Our domestic animals or livestock includes those animals which are raised for farm purposes, eg., cattle (cow, bull or ox), buffalo, yak, horse, ass, goat, sheep, camel, etc.

As we all know that human population is increasing, so besides crop production, animal production is also to be increased to meet the demand for milk, meat and eggs. The animal based farming practices are undertaken by farmers along with agriculture as mixed farming. However, the progressive farmers take up one of these (animal farming practices) on commercial basis.

Mixed farming Mixed farming Combination of two agricultural practices on the same farm is called mixed farming. Farmers grow plants and graze stock, and cows are farmed for milk, meat and hides as a mixed farming system.
Farming practices

In this section, we will familiarize ourselves with some of the common animal based farming practices such as

  • Cattle Farming
  • Poultry
  • Fish Farming
  • Bee keeping

Achievements in Livestock Sector

  • India is currently the largest producer of milk (84.6 million tonnes during 2001–02) in the world.
  • The USA was the largest cow′s milk producer in the world in 2010 accounting for 14.6% of world production.
  • Rinderpest, a dreadful disease of ruminants had been eradicated.
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