Domestication of animals is called animal husbandry.
Domestic animals or livestock such as animals cattle (cow, bull or ox), buffalo, yak, horse, ass, goat, sheep, camel, etc. are being reared.
Animal husbandry is the agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock. The branch of agriculture that deals with the feeding, caring and breeding of domestic animals is called animal husbandry. Animal husbandry refers to raising or keeping of livestock (domestic animals) for farm purposes, use or profit by selling the same.
Husbanding means to use a resource carefully and without waste. Thus, animal farming or animal husbandry requires planning for domestic animal′s shelter, breeding, health, disease control and proper economic utilization. Our domestic animals or livestock includes those animals which are raised for farm purposes, eg., cattle (cow, bull or ox), buffalo, yak, horse, ass, goat, sheep, camel, etc.
As we all know that human population is increasing, so besides crop production, animal production is also to be increased to meet the demand for milk, meat and eggs. The animal based farming practices are undertaken by farmers along with agriculture as mixed farming. However, the progressive farmers take up one of these (animal farming practices) on commercial basis.