Horticulture is the science, art, technology and business involved in intensive plant cultivation for human use.
It is practiced from the individual level in a garden up to the activities of a multinational corporation. It is very diverse in its activities, incorporating plants for food (fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, culinary herbs) and non‐food crops (flowers, trees and shrubs, turf‐grass, hops, grapes, medicinal herbs).
Horticulture (Hortus‐garden, cultura ‐ cultivation) is a branch of agriculture. Horticulture is the industry and science of plant cultivation. The branch of agriculture that deals with growing and production of vegetables, fruits, ornamental plants and management of orchards is called horticulture.
Horticulturists work and conduct research in the disciplines of plant propagation and cultivation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, and plant physiology. The work particularly involves fruits, berries, nuts, vegetables, flowers, trees, shrubs, and turf. Horticulturists work to improve crop yield, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses.
Horticulture also includes related services in plant conservation, landscape restoration, landscape and garden design/construction/maintenance, horticultural therapy, and much more. This range of food, medicinal, environmental, and social products and services are all fundamental to developing and maintaining human health and well‐being .
Plants grown and tended or cared for in a field (An area of land enclosed and used for agricultural purposes) are known as crop plants or simply crops. A crop is the annual or season's yield of any plant that is grown in significant quantities to be harvested as food, as livestock fodder, fuel, or for any other economic purpose. This category includes crop species as well as agricultural techniques related to cropping. Crop plants supply the major ingredients of food such as cereals, pulses, fibers, oils, vegetables etc,.