Learning Objectives

After completing the topic, the student will be able to:

  • Define a reversible reaction, equilibrium state, give a graphical representation of an equilibrium state and list the types of equilibrium based on phase of the system.
  • Comment on dynamic nature of equilibrium.
  • Define equilibrium constant and express the equilibrium constant in terms of partial pressures and concentrations of the reactants and products.
  • State Le Chatelier's principle and discuss the factors effecting equilibrium state.
  • Give the relation between equilibrium constant and temperature.
  • Calculate the solubility product of sparingly soluble salts and predict the formation of precipitate in solution by comparing ionic product and solubility product.
  • Distinguish exothermic and endothermic reactions.
  • Define and calculate heat (energy) changes involved in a given reaction.