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Alcohols have been known to humans for thousands of years. Ethanol is the most well known alcohol and is found in alcoholic beverages. Alcohols are
distinguished by the hydroxyl (‐OH) group attached to the hydrocarbon.
Eg: Methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol etc.,
The naming of the alcohols is relatively simple‐the name of the alkyl group containing the longest chain of carbon atoms is used, along with the
suffix ‘‐ol’. Depending on the alcohol, a number may be used in front of the ‘‐ol’ to indicate which carbon atom the
‐OH group is attached to, as in the below figure. Side chains are also indicated in the usual way.